In the Twilight Zone of Collaborative Disaster Prevention? The Experience of Flood Control in Different Levels of Government in Taiwan

Ming-feng Kuo, Chun-yuan Wang

Abstract


With the coming of risk society, natural and human-made disasters have challenged the capacity of governance in both national and local government. Although decentralization is an obvious trend applied to various fields for governance throughout the world, little is known about the appropriate mode and crucial factors influencing its capacity for disaster management. The purpose of this study is to clarify different modes of decentralization and summarize the crucial aspects influencing decentralization on flood control issues in Taiwan. By conducting in-depth interviews among several related principals of Taiwan branches of flood control in central and local governments, we analyzed the existing conflicts of power and responsibility between centralization and decentralization and defined the factors with a significant influence on building good partnership across levels of governments. Based on empirical findings, this study ultimately makes policy suggestions to facilitate the establishment of mechanisms for good governance.

위험 사회의 도래와 더불어, 자연 재해와 인적 재해는 중앙 정부와 지방 정부의 거버넌스 능력에 도전해 왔다. 지방 분권화가 전세계 거버넌스의 다양한 분야에 적용되는 명백한 추세임에도 불구, 재난 관리를 위한 그 능력의 적절한 형태와 요인에 관하여는 알려진 바가 거의 없다. 본 연구의 목적은 지방분권의 형태를 밝히고 대만의 홍수 조절에 관한 지방분권에 영향을 미치는 중요한 측면을 요약하고자 함이다. 대만 중앙 정부와 지방 정부의 홍수 조절 부서장과의 심층 면접 조사를 통하여 우리는 중앙집권화와 지방 분권 간의 권력과 책임의 현존하는 갈등을 분석하고, 여러 계층의 정부 간에 원만한 파트너십을 형성하는 데에 유의미한 영향 요소를 정의하였다.  실증 연구에 근거하여 본 연구는 최종적으로 좋은 거버넌스의 메커니즘을 확립할 수 있는 정책을 제안하였다.


Keywords


centralization; decentralization; collaborative disaster prevention; flood control; Taiwan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22140/cpar.v8i2.133

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