Social Value Chains: A New Organizational Framework for Studies on State-Society Relations in China

Jun Han, Ji Ma, Zhong Wang

Abstract


In the past three decades, a large number of studies has emerged to conceptualize the changing state-society relations in China. Yet, little attention has been paid to what kinds of social sector organizations these competing and conflicting studies were empirically examining or based upon. No synergy of the organizational foundations of these studies results in deep fragmentation and weak generalization of the arguments on state-society relations in China. To address this issue, this article systematically reviews organizational bases of extant literature on Chinese state-society relations, and then constructs an inclusive organizational framework, namely “social value chains”, by combining two mainstream organizational forms in existing research along with two understudied organizational types, as a new framework to guide future research on state-society relations in China. Social value chains include four types of social sector organizations: infrastructure organizations, financial organizations, support organizations, and operating organizations. In the end, this paper points out the potential applications of this new framework in future research.

在过去的三十年里,大量的研究都开始将中国变化中的国家-社会关系进行概念化。但是,很少有研究关注这些矛盾冲突的研究在通过实证证据检验或者建立于什么样的社会部门组织。这些组织基础研究的综合性的缺失导致了中国国家-社会关系研究深层次的分裂以及普适性的匮乏。为了解决这些问题,本文运用系统综述的方法纵览现有中国国家-社会关系的组织基础,并且通过整合两派主流组织形式,建立了一个包容性的组织框架,称之为“社会价值链”,作为一个全新的框架来指导今后中国国家-社会关系研究。社会价值链包含四个社会部门组织类型:基础设施组织、财政组织、支持性组织、以及运作组织。最后,本文指出了社会价值链框架在未来研究中的潜在运用。

 


Keywords


Social value chains; organizational framework; state-society relations; China

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22140/cpar.v9i1.152

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