Factors Contributing to Social Risk Management in China: Evaluation in the Context of SSRA Initiative

Zezhao Liu, Jie Huang


Managing social risk has become a policy concern in contemporary public administration. In China, the Social Stability Risk Assessment (SSRA) was conceived as a government-driven and performance-based system to tackle the challenges of social instability, with the last decade witnessing an increasing imperative to promote its implementation. In practice, local administrations have asserted the importance of social risk management in improving the capability of handling uncertainties, yet studies on SSRA effectiveness are relatively limited. To fill the gap, this paper examines factors for mobilizing local administrators in implementing effective SSRA enforcement through a framework constructed from the perspective of government agencies. Using field survey data collected from four provincial regions, we refined five theoretical constructs and affiliated thirty-five items critical for SSRA operational effectiveness, and found that administrative intervention by the local government plays a crucial role. This study contributes to an understanding of China’s social risk management practice, and offers assessment criteria to monitor its effectiveness in public administration.

사회적 위험을 관리하는 것은 현대 행정에서 정책적 관심사가 되었습니다. 중국에서는 사회불안정성 위험 평가 (SSRA)가 지난 10 년간 사회의 불안정성을 해결하기 위한 정부 주도 및 성과 중심 시스템으로 인식되었으며, 그 실행을 촉진하기 위해 점점 더 긴급한 요구가 있었습니다. 지방 정부는 불확실성을 다루는 능력을 향상시키는 데있어 사회적 위험 관리의 중요성을 강조하면서, SSRA 효과에 대한 연구는 상대적으로 제한적입니다. 본 연구는 정부 기관의 관점에서 구축 된 프레임 워크를 통해 격차를 줄이기 위해 효과적인 SSRA 적용을 구현하는 데있어 현지 관리자를 동원하는 요인을 조사합니다. 4 개 주 지방에서 수집 한 현장 조사 데이터를 사용하여, 우리는 SSRA 운영 효율성에 중요한 다섯 가지 이론적 구조와 35 가지 항목을 정리했습니다. 지방 정부의 행정 개입이 중요한 역할을한다는 것을 발견했다. 이 연구는 중국의 사회적 위험 관리 실천에 대한 이해를 돕고, 공공 행정의 효율성을 모니터링하기위한 평가 기준을 제시합니다.


Social Stability Risk Assessment; policy implementation; social risk management; effectiveness; China

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22140/cpar.v8i2.158


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