Confucian Values in Public Organizations: Distinctive Effects of Two Interpersonal Norms on Public Employees’ Work Morale

Chung-An Chen, Chih-Wei Hsieh


Much effort has been invested in the research of work-related values in public organizations but little attention is paid to the importance of personal values. We delve into this underexplored domain through the lens of Confucianism and focus on two Confucian values: (i) submission to authority and (ii) male dominance. We expect that submission to authority is a positive predictor of work morale because it is consistent with the command hierarchy and formal control in bureaucracies. In contrast, male dominance should be a negative predictor as it contradicts equality of opportunity in public organizations. This is significant as personnel practices in public organizations are deemed a role model for business organizations. Statistical findings based on data collected in Taiwan support both hypotheses. We conclude that public personnel practices, especially the hiring process, can benefit from our findings. 

공공 단체의 업무 관련 가치 연구에 많은 노력이 투자되었지만 개인 가치의 중요성에 거의 관심을 기울이지 않았습니다. 우리는 유교의 시각을 통해 과소 평가된 이 영역을 탐구하고 두 가지 유교 가치: (i) 권위에 복종하고 (ii) 남성 지배력에 초점을 맞추고 있다. 우리는 권한 위임이 관료제의 명령 계층 구조와 공식적인 통제와 일치하기 때문에 업무 사기에 대한 긍정적 인 예측인자라고 기대합니다. 대조적으로 남성의 우위는 공공 기관의 평등 기회와 상충되므로 부정적인 예측 변수가 되어야합니다. 이는 공공 기관의 인사 관행이 비즈니스 조직의 역할 모델로 간주되기 때문에 중요합니다. 대만에서 수집된 자료에 근거한 통계 결과는 두 가설 모두를 뒷받침한다. 우리는 공공 인사 관행, 특히 채용 프로세스가 우리의 연구 결과로부터 이익을 얻을 수 있다고 결론 내립니다.


confucian values; submission to authority; male dominance

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