The Association of NPOs and Compulsory Education Aid in China

Shihong Weng


Previous research has linked the activities of the non-profit sector to desired aid outcomes in China, such as improved public-service quality. However, issues related to the role of non-profit organizations (NPOs) in compulsory education aid have received little attention. This study draws on Dennis Young’s complementarity theory - one of the most prominent non-profit theories - in examining the necessity and feasibility of NPO aid to Chinese compulsory education. In addition, it undertakes exploratory research in order to test an integrated model. Based on both data collected in surveys and statistical data from 263 Chinese county-level jurisdictions in five provinces, this study concludes that NPO aid can positively influence compulsory education outcomes in mainland China. Its main contribution is to expand our understanding of NPOs and offer insights on how public managers can improve governance.

先前的研究将非盈利部门的活动与中国良好的补助效果联系在一起,例如更好的公共服务质量。然而,对于非盈利组织在义务教育补助中的作用的关注依然有限。本文建立在Dennis Young的互补理论——最为重要的非盈利组织理论之一——之上,检验了非盈利组织在中国义务教育中的必要性和可行性。此外,本文采用了探索式研究以检测整合性模型。基于来自五个省的263个中国县级义务教育辖区的调查和统计数据,本文认为非盈利组织的补助能够积极影响中国大陆的义务教育水平。本文的主要贡献在于扩大了我们对于非盈利组织的理解,同时为公共管理者如何改善其治理提供了洞见。

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Chinese Public Administration Review (ISSN 1539-6754, Online ISSN 2573-1483)  is published by the School of Government, Sun Yat-sen University.